377 - Assessment of Pediatric Resident Knowledge of Early Peanut Introduction and Outcome of Resident Education
Sunday, April 30, 2023
3:30 PM – 6:00 PM ET
Poster Number: 377 Publication Number: 377.301
Nutchaya Amornruk, SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University, Brooklyn, NY, United States; Yana Kryvokhyzha, SUNY Downstate, Brooklyn, NY, United States; David Zakay, SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University, Brooklyn, NY, United States; Monique Hanono, Suny Downstate, Brooklyn, NY, United States; Maria-Anna Vastardi, SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University, Brooklyn, NY, United States
Resident physician SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University Brooklyn, New York, United States
Background: Learning Early About Peanut Allergy (LEAP) study is the first randomized trial showingthat the early peanut introductionto infants at high risk for developing peanut allergy is safe and effective in reducing therisk of developing future clinical reactions. However, pediatric resident knowledge and incorporation of this knowledge into their practice is not well assessed. Objective: Toassess pediatric residents' knowledge and implementation of early peanut introduction in pediatric resident’s clinics. Design/Methods: We conducted a survey among pediatric residents to assess their knowledge and current practice at the beginning of their training. The same survey was distributed during their second year of training and after the residents had an educational video regarding early peanut introduction. Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS with descriptive statistical analysis and paired t-test to compare pre-and post-lecture outcomes.
Results: 32 residents answered pre-intervention questionnaire and 24 residents answered post-intervention questionnaire. On their second year of training,residents’ awareness regarding LEAP study increased by 76.9% from 2.3% pre-intervention to 79.2% post-intervention. Residents' knowledge regarding addendum guidelines for the prevention of peanut allergy increased by 47.7% from 2.3% pre-intervention to 50.0% post-intervention. The number of residents who inquire about early peanut introduction in their continuity clinic was 9.3% before intervention and increased to 20.8% after the video.
Conclusion(s): The knowledge about the benefits of early peanut introduction remains low among trainees at the beginning of their training and it would be extremely important to incorporate theimplementation of the guidelines into the formal curriculum of the pediatric training programs. This intervention couldpotentially prevent the development of future clinical peanut allergy, especially in high-risk populations.