Medical Education: Medical Student
Medical Education 12: Student 2
Meagan Matuska, BS (she/her/hers)
University of Chicago Division of the Biological Sciences The Pritzker School of Medicine
Roscoe, Illinois, United States
Participants: Data collection for this project is ongoing. Participants in this project will be the 88 members of the University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine Class of 2024; to date, 44 of those third-year students have completed the academic coaching experience.
Coaching Program: The academic coaching program employed in this project was adapted from the hArt of Medicine – a pre-existing, evidence-based coaching framework – to directly address the skills of empathy, humanism, and patient-centeredness in medical students.
Assessment: To assess the impact of the coaching program, medical student participants were surveyed before and after their coaching experience. To provide evidence for instrument validity, the pre- and post-surveys were developed through an iterative process over the course of 2 months following guidelines from Academic Medicine. Survey results were collected through REDCap and analyzed in Excel.
To date, 44 third-year medical students have completed the coaching intervention and the associated surveys. Paired t-tests showed that medical student confidence in demonstrating empathy, humanism, and patient-centeredness at the bedside significantly increased following a coaching experience (p = 1.7 x 10-8, 1.5 x 10-11, 1.7 x 10-13, respectively).
Limitations: This pilot project may have limited statistical power due to a small sample size. Further, while the pre-post surveys for this project were developed so as to maximize their validity, we were unable to use a validated measure.
Conclusions: The results from this pilot project show that academic coaching may be an avenue through which medical schools can formally address empathy, humanism, and patient-centeredness, and thus should be explored broadly as a means to cultivate the ever-important communication skills of our future physicians.